Quality of Life Concepts

Secondary Health Conditions

WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF)

Description: The WHOQOL-BREF is an outcome tool to assess quality of life.  

Format: 26 items in total : 24 items covering 4 domains of QoL (physical health, psychological health, social relationships, & environment) and 2 individual items on general health and overall QoL. 

Scoring: 26 items rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 1 to 5. Mean scores for each of the 4 domains of QoL (raw scores) are calculated using standardized equations. Domain scores are transformed to a score between 0 (lower QoL) to 100 (higher QoL). The 2 individual items are scored individually.

Administration and Burden: Self-administered. Approximately 10-15 minutes.

Psychometrics for SCI: Acceptable internal consistency (α=.75 for physical health domain, α=.74 for psychological health domain, α=.78 for environment domain) with the exception of the social relationships domain (α=.54) [1]. Discriminant validity is satisfactory (ρ<0.001 for the overall QOL facet, the general health facet, the physical health domain, the psychological health domain, the social relationships domain, ρ=0.022 for the environment domain) [1]. The correlation of all facets was the highest with the domain to which they were assigned [1]. No floor or ceiling effects [1].

Language(s):  English. Available in 19 langages.

QoL Concept: The WHOQOL-BREF is a measure of quality of life, which corresponds to boxes C (achievements), & E (subjective evaluations and reactions) of Dijker's Model.

Permissions/Where to Obtain: For further information about the WHOQOL-BREF and to obtain permission to use this questionnaire, send an email to WHOQOL@who.int.

References:

  1. Jang Y, Hsieh CL, Wang YH, Wu YH. A validity study of the WHOQOL-BREF assessment in persons with traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85(11):1890-5.

CLICK ON THE LISTED SECONDARY HEALTH CONDITIONS ON THE LEFT TO READ HOW THE WHOQOL-BREF HAS BEEN USED WITH A PARTICULAR CONDITION

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